The organic agriculture is a mean of production defined and disciplined by EU law Regulation CEE 2092/91 and to a national level by the D.M. 220/95.
In the organic agriculture there is no use of chemical synthetic substances (fertilizers, weedkillers, insecticides, pesticides) and genetically modified organism (GMO).
The agricultural safeguarding starts in a preventive way by selecting species which can resist diseases and using appropriate agriculture techniques such as:
In organic agriculture natural fertilizers are used such as manure and compost and selected plants are sown (like clover and mustard).
If necessary in order to defend the harvest natural substances can be used. This can have vegetables, animals or mineral origin: plant extracts, useful insects that eat parasitic, rock flour or natural minerals to improve the chemical of the ground and to defend the plantation from cryptogams.
If an intervention is needed in order to defend the plantation from parasitic and other problems the farmer can only use products that have a natural origin and that are specifically authorized and detailed by the EU Regulation (using the so called “positive list”).
The Lunigiana, PDO area
The area that is involved in the production, alteration, elaboration and conditioning of the “Lunigiana Honey” is sized about 97.000 ha starting from the Massa-Carrara district and involving the municipal districts of Aulla, Bagnone, Casola in Lunigiana, Comano, Filattiera, Fivizzano, Fosdinovo, Licciana Nardi, Mulazzo, Podenzana, Pontremoli, Tresana, Villafranca in Lunigiana, Zeri.
The first news about beekeeping in Lunigiana can be found in the book of Land evaluation of 1508 of the Community of Pontremoli, which is the first source after the complete devastation and fire of the city by the army of Charles VIII with the consequent loss of all previous documents. This book says that in that period bees were already a real activity and beekeeping generated incomes and in fact there was a tax on every hive. According to the census there were 331 hives that year. To realize how important honey production was you just have to compare it with the number of head of cattle: 447 cows, 15 donkeys, 32 horses, 41 pigs, etc.
Beekeeping in the Acceptance Village
The activity of beekeeping in the Acceptance Village started in 2000 thanks to the experience of the supervisors of the Residential Home “San Francesco” of the Papa Giovanni XXIII Community, in Mulazzo.
During the 80s bees have been an essential part in the life of the Residential House before the Village was built. For the parents of the Residential House bees were a reason of life not only for the earning that provided but for the pleasure of living in contact with this world.
Nowadays beekeeping in the Village is a professional business. Over 1000 hives of the Pungiglione are organized to satisfy both the BIOLOGICAL and PDO regulation in order to guarantee our bees health and the high quality of our products.
We also provide customer assistance and technical advice and we give the chance to “practice on field” and to do on-the-job trainings in the Community.
In addiction to the 1st acacia and chestnut honey in Italy we also produce royal jelly, pollen, wax and swarm.
Bees and all the related business are really important to us, so much that our experience had led us to state that this kind of activity is good from a therapeutic point of view and also for the education of the young minds that we welcome in the family or in the “Centro Rinascere” of the Village and that come from very difficult situations. In this manual activity all people get in touch with each other and with the nature, they learn how to respect it and how to adapt to the biological circles.